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VACHAL, Josef: RUCE.
Trinact barevnych drevorytu k versum Otokara Breziny.
Praha, ELK, 1943.
Thirteen colour woodcuts on paper 265 x 190 mm.
Loose leaves, orig. half-cloth boards with flaps.
Half-cloth boards with small signs of wear, loose leaves intact.

VÁCHAL, Josef: RUCE.
Tricetipeti drevoryty vyzdobil Josef Vachal.
Epilogue J. B. Capek, typographic layout Oldrich Menhart.
Praha, ELK, 1946.
4°, 64 pp. Loose leaves, orig. folding carton boards.
Raj knihomilu, vol. 7. - Limited edition number 557 of 700 numbered copies on simili-Japan paper. Dry seal Raj knihomilu on the colophon. - Enclosed double sheet with title "Trinact barevnych drevorytu k versum Otokara Breziny" and list of woodcuts.- Folding boards with small signs of wear, color fadig. Loose leaves intact.
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Josef Vachal 23. 9. 1884 Milavec (Milavce near Domazlice) - 10. 5. 1969 Studenany

... In books, spontaneously developing from his earliest beginnings he found at the end of his first decade the ideal medium, which gave him the opportunity to integrate drawings, texts, graphics, paintings, photography, sculptures along with his communicativeness allowed Vachal's emphasis on the contents of his communication, his confrontation of thoughts and ideas and the interconnection between him and his work. His work on books as a form of art also brought problems, which had to be solved and so Vachal enters the world of typography, print, binding, paper. He made up a number of his own letterings, which have their history in the views of his books. He deals with the problem of print and manages to put his graphical views into books and at the same time twists books under his expressive sensitivity. The entire book has its meaning from the paper, sewing, leather binding, to the shape and size of the book along with the books "own" meaning in the classical frame of view, which Vachal manages to overcome in his conception...
... The work of Josef Vachal is visionary in complexity and shows the problems of his generation in such detail that it seems to be the most authentic value in Czech modern art. The other side of this gesture is the tension of expression in the collisions of various forms of work and the penetration of activities, the overlapping of ideas and artistic formulations. His being is expression along with revaluing and deforming old visions, typical for other members of the symbolist generation, which are led to changes in image structure.
His primitive expression was from the beginning joined with internal strains, presented fully in paintings through ambivalent images, where visions are the same as caricature, ...
... The tendencies of expressively joining visions can be fully seen in Vachal's work through the size of his entire work and is noticeable in his multi field solutions, in the relation to materials, most deeply in books. The book becomes his object of complete artistic intention and the medium joining various means into a whole, thanks to which he leaps past contemporary comprehension of the beautiful book ideal with a completely new conception, ...
.... Vachal's work that at it's beginning comes into contact with the struggle of the second generation of Czech graphic symbolism is also the conclusion of the secession revolt in expression and in pointing out exceeding certain limits, where language interpretation is hardly understandable and punishable from the position of classic comprehension of art. Thus the author gets into conflicts with society, but also with his own bases, when he does not care about the form of his expression or the means of expression, but only to become one with his work, ...
In: Introduction
Prof. PhDr. Milos Sejn. Josef Vachal. Dilo. Roudnice nad Labem, GVU, 1984.

Otokar Brezina ( September 13. 1868, Pocatky - March 25. 1929, Jaromerice nad Rokytnou )
Czech teacher, poet and essayist.
His remarkable poetry earned Brezina a number honorary titles: in 1913 he became a corresponding member, and in 1923 a regular member of the Czech Academy of Arts and Sciences, in 1919 he received an honorary doctorate from Charles University, Prague. However, he turned down the offer to become a professor at the new University of Brno in 1921. In 1921 and again in 1929 he was a Czech candidate for the Nobel Prize for literature.
Bibliography:
Tajemne dalky (Mysteroius Distances), a collection of poems, 1895
Svitani na zapade (Daybreak in the West), a collection of poems, 1896
Vetry od polu (Winds from the Poles), a collection of poems, 1897
Stavitele chramu (The Builders of the Church), a collection of poems, 1899
Ruce (Hands), a collection of poems, 1901
Hudba pramenu (The Music of the Sources), a collection of essays, 1903
Posthumously: Skryte dejiny (The Hidden History), a collection of essays, 1970. ed. by J. Zika.


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